Tag articolo: education

People first. Rethinking educational policies in times of crisis using the capability approach

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di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 14:20

by Alejandra Boni and Begoña Arias

Abstract : Within the Spanish public education sector there is a deep concern and unease that is resulting in a number of acts of protest: demonstrations, sit-ins in educational establishments, rallies, strikes, etc. – which have been more or less regular for several months. The reasons for this widespread unease and anxiety have their roots, firstly, in the successive budget cuts in education that have been occurring since 2010 and, secondly, in the political and legislative measures that are being taken. In this paper we wish to analyse the changes that are occurring and the consequences of each one of them using the capabilities approach to human development. This approach allows us to put people at the centre and evince, in a critical way, the unfair consequences of the educational policies that are being adopted, and possible alternatives to them founded on a different model of development.

Alejandra Boni, member of the Group of Studies in Development, Universitat Politècnica de València, researches and publishes in thematic areas such as ethics, human development, development, education, global citizenship, university and human development.

aboni@dpi.upv.es

Begoña Arias, is Child Psychologist and Expert in Systemic Therapy and Independent consultant in the field of Evaluation of Development Education Projects and Publics Policies.

mariasga@cop.es

Welfare and Education: the Role of the Political and Institutional System

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di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 13:11

by Massimo Paci

Abstract : The author addresses the problem of the factors that may help to understand the structural inability to reform and to optimize both welfare and education system in Italy. He draws attention to the role of political and institutional system, with particular reference to the electoral architecture and the parliamentary legislative process, considered relevant also by Iversen and Stephens. They argue that relevant and crucial obstructing factors such as an electoral system based on proportional representation and a legislative process that allows large interventions of veto or obstacles by various actors (specific interests in each political party or other organized interests inside and outside the ruling coalition) represent an effectual obstruction or a deviation to the reform processes. Studies and research conducted on both policy sectors – welfare and education – confirm this explanation valid for the Italian case.

Massimo Paci, sociologist, is one of the Italian leading scholars in the study og welfare state and labor market. His research interests have covered social inequalities, social changes and welfare systems. He was Professor of Sociology at the University of Ancona and the Sapienza – University of Rome, where he is Emeritus Professor of Economic Sociology. Among his publications: Lezioni di sociologia storica (2013), Welfare e promozione delle capacità (con E. Pugliese, 2012), Nuovi lavori, nuovo welfare (2006).

massimo.paci@uniroma1.it

Can the Theory of Three Regimes of Welfare be Apllied Also to Education and Vocational Training?

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di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 13:01

by Luciano Benadusi

Abstract : The paper examines the main hypothesis of Torben Iversen and John D. Stephens of full typological correspondence between two areas of policy – welfare and education. That hypothesis is only partially valid and it needs of further investigation by the side of the explanatory factors. Author expresses concerns about the centrality accorded by Iversen and Stephens to expenditure data, which do not offer the strongest predict in terms of redistribution of opportunities. In addition, he also addresses the Italian performance, almost always located at the bottom of the charts of indicators of welfare and education, as well as equality of distribution. But this is not true for vocational education, where Italy ranks ahead and even upper than Germany. This seems to be the positive effect of technical education which boasts a strong tradition in Italy, situating half way between the general and the vocational education.

Luciano Benadusi is Sociologist of Education and Director of Scuola Democratica.

l.benadusi@libero.it

Partisan Politics, the Welfare State, and Three Worlds of Human Capital Formation. A brief summary of Torben Iversen and John D. Stephens, Partisan Politics, the Welfare State, and Three Worlds of Human Capital Formation

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di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 12:54

Edited by Editorial Team

Abstract : To foster a reflection of many voices on the relationship between welfare and education, we thought it might be useful to start from a reading of the work of Torben Iversen and John D. Stephens Partisan Politics, the Welfare State, and Three Worlds of Human Capital Formation. We therefore proposed to some scholars to read this crucial work and we decided to publish theri reactions which follow a brief summary of the text of Iversen and Stephens. Torben Iversen and John D. Stephens are two students of political sciences belonging respectively to Harvard University and to the University of North Carolina.

The article by Iversen and Stephens appeared in April 2008 in the journal Comparative Political Studies, Volume 41 , Numbers 4-5, p. 600-637 and is available online (http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/ ~ iversen / PDFfiles / Iversen & Stephens2008.pdf ) .

John D. Stephens is Gerhard E. Lenski, Jr. Professor and Director of European Studies at the University of North Carolina–Chapel Hill. He is the author or coauthor of four books, including Capitalist Development and Democracy (with Evelyne Huber Stephens and Dietrich Rueschemeyer, 1992) and Development and Crisis of the Welfare State (with Evelyne Huber, 2001), and numerous journal articles.

jdsteph@unc.edu

Torben Iversen is Harold Hitchings Burbank Professor of Political Economy at Harvard University. He is the author of Capitalism, Democracy, and Welfare (Cambridge University Press, 2005), Contested Economic Institutions (Cambridge University Press, 1999), and coeditor of Unions, Employers and Central Bankers (Cambridge University Press, 2000). He is also the author or coauthor of more than two dozen articles on economic policy, electoral politics, and the welfare state.

iversen@fas.harvard.edu

Education And Social Protection: Models And Evolution Of Public Spending

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di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 12:21

by Chiara Agostini

Abstract: The diffusion of the ‘social investment’ and ‘active welfare state’ paradigms,together with the changes of the different European welfare systems, highlights the need for considering education and social protection as a part of a single strategy for welfare. After showing the main features of the news welfare paradigms, the first aim of this article is to investigate how the contemporary literature has defined the relationship between education and social protection models. The second aim is to analyze the evolution of these policy sectors since the mid-nineties to nowadays. Through the analysis of the evolution of educational and social expenditures, this article investigates the presence of convergence or divergences trends among European countries.

Chiara Agostini, PhD in Public Policy Analysis – is currently a post-doc fellow at the University of Milan. Her main fields of research are the comparative analysis of social and education policy and European governance in the same fields. Among her recent publications: Social Services and Deviation from the Bismarckian Welfare Model in Italy: The Absence of a Nationwide Trend of Change (International Review of Sociology”, n. 3, 2011); Gli studi sulle politiche di istruzione e di welfare: dal trade-off all’integrazione (Rivista Italiana di Politiche Pubbliche, n. 2/2012); Education Policy: Comparing EU Developments and National Policies (with G. Capano, in Social developments in the EU, 2012, edited by D. Natali, B. Vanhercke), Europe 2020 and the fight against poverty: searching for coherence and effectiveness in multilevel policy arenas, (with Sabato S. e Jessoula M., Working Paper LPF 2, Centro Einaudi)

chiara.agostini@unimi.it

The interaction between welfare and education: the impact on equality of opportunity. A non-interview with Gosta Esping-Andersen

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di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 12:05

by GØsta Esping-Andersen

Abstract : The text is the final outcome of what was supposed to be an interview with GØsta Esping-Andersen. Initially Massimo Paci, guest editor of the Special Issue (with the suggestions of the editorial staff), had prepared a series of questions that submitted by email to the attention of Gøsta Esping-Andersen. The author, in reply, used the questions as a stimulus to his reflection and drafted the text in which he applied a comparative method to highlight differences and similarities of the effects in terms of equality of opportunity due to different types of interaction between national welfare and education.

Gosta Esping-Andersen is professor of Sociology at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra where he directs the DEMOSOC research unit. He is a member of the British Academy and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.. He has been actively engaged in applied policy relevant work for international organizations, including the United Nations, the OECD, ISSA, and the European Union. His scientific work centres on life course dynamics, social stratification and comparative social policy. His publications include The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism; The Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies.

Gosta.Esping@upf.edu.

Integrating training sectors and productive chains for the country’s development

di p.valentini, 7 novembre 2013 17:25

by Claudio Gentili

Abstract: author analyzes the changes of the industrial framework and its relations with the educational system. After highlighting the reasons of the low integration between production systems and training systems, author identifies the main factors that can trigger a process of economic development starting from Education. Making references to the territories, the author proposes investments in manufacturing and in technical and vocational training. The analysis also traces the framework of European funding for education and the new frontiers of the “race of knowledge” in the main economic areas of the globe.

Claudio Gentili, Confindustria (Italian employers’ federation), Local policies, innovation and education

c.gentili@confindustria.it

Issue N°2 2013 – May-August 2013

di p.valentini, 7 novembre 2013 16:44

cover sd2 2013 may august special issueISBN: 978-88-15-24407-9 Year IV

The number 2/2013 of Scuola Democratica-Learning for Democracy is the first of a series of three special issues on the thematic “Knowledge, learning and education” in crisis time. This special issue, which guest editor is Daniele Checchi, deals with the thematic Education, Employment and Economic Growth. This question is always in the center of the scientific and political debate, but today, in Italy, has become more crucial because of the crisis employment that affects the younger generations. (read more)

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Table of Contents
N°2 2013 – may-august 2013

Special Issue: EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

Introduction
by Daniele Checchi
Daniele Checchi,Department of Economy, Management and Quantitative Methodologies, University of Milan

ESSAYS
Is higher education still rewarding?
by Emilio Reyneri and Federica Pintaldi download abstract
Emilio Reyneri, Department of sociology and social research, Bicocca University of Milan
Federica Pintaldi, ISTAT Italian National Institute of Statistics

The Declining Entry Rates Into The Italian University System: Some Evidence And Open Issues
by Vincenzo Mariani, Pasquale Montanaro and Marco Paccagnella download abstract
Vincenzo Mariani, Bank of Italy, Bari ; Pasqualino Montanaro, Bank of Italy, Ancona  ; Marco Paccagnella, Bank of Italy, Trento

Overeducation in Italy: the determinants and wage effects in the AlmaLaurea data
by Floro Ernesto Caroleo and Francesco Pastore download abstract
Floro Ernesto Caroleo, Parthenope University of Naples ; Francesco Pastore, Seconda Università Naples

Education and job quality in Sicily: brain waste between structural constraints and public (ir)responsibilities
by Maurizio Avola and Anna Cortese download abstract
Maurizio Avola, Department of Analysis of Political, Social and Institutional Processes,  University of Catania ; Anna Cortese, Department of Analysis of Political, Social and Institutional Processes, University of Catania

German Universities of Applied Sciences today
by Fiammetta Corradi download abstract
Fiammetta Corradi, Department of Economic and Managerial Sciences , University of Pavia

INTERNATIONAL SCENARIOS

A Look beyond 2015: towards new Millennium Education Goals
by Piero Cipollone download abstract
Piero Cipollone, World Bank

European Policies  and re-thinking education. Interviw with Androulla Vassiliou
edited by Giorgio Allulli
Giorgio Allulli, VET expert
Androulla Vassiliou, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth

Pros and Cons of the German Dual System. Interview with Hans-Peter Blossfeld
edited by Daniele Checchi
Daniele Checchi,Department of Economy, Management and Quantitative Methodologies, University of Milan
Hans-Peter Blossfeld, European University Institute of Florence

EDUCATION, INNOVATION AND LOCAL DEVELOPMENT

Introduction
by Ennio Pattarin download abstract
Ennio Pattarin, theacher of Economic Sociology

Integrating training sectors and productive chains for the country’s development
by Claudio Gentili download abstract
Claudio Gentili, Confindustria (Italian employers’ federation), Local Policies, Innovation and Education

University-industry relationships in the Piedmont region in Italy: Channels and drivers of regional technology transfer
by Federica Rossi and Aldo Geuna download abstract
Federica Rossi,Department of management, Birkbeck, University of London ; Aldo Geuna, Department of Ecnomy and Statistics, Cognetti de Martiis, University of Turin

Universities and economic development in the Third Italy: the case of Tuscany
by Luigi Burroni and Alberto Gherardini download abstract
Luigi Burroni, Department of Communication Sciences, University of Teramo ; Alberto Gherardini,Department of Political and Social Sciences, University of Florence

School and economic development in the Third Italy: the case of Marche region
by Marco Arlotti download abstract
Marco Arlotti, Department di Economy, Society, Politics, University of Urbino Carlo Bo

DEBATE: SCHOOL, COMPETITION, REGULATION

Freeing the Italian school system
by Andrea Ichino download abstract
Andrea Ichino, Dipartment of Economic Sciences, University of Bologna

The opting out as a quality driver of schools’ quality: not the solution but just a possible contribution to the solution
by Paolo Sestito download abstract
Paolo Sestito, Bank of Italy

More authonomy but without segregation
by Andrea Gavosto download abstract
Andrea Gavosto, Fondazione Giovanni Agnelli

Use and abuse of the notion of school autonomy
by Daniele Checchi download abstract
Daniele Checchi,Department of Economy, Management and Quantitative Methodologies, University of Milan


UNIVERSITY BETWEEN REFORMS AND EVALUATION

Necessity and Overabundance in Italian University during the financial crisis
by Francesco Miele download abstract
Francesco Miele, Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Trento

Our society unable to risk
by Giovanni Ragone download abstract
Giovanni Ragone, Department of History of Art and Entertainment, Sapienza University of Rome

Social equity of university and competitiveness of the Italian economy. Is the expansion of tertiary degrees the solution? Some proposals to better invest public resources
by Carlo Barone download abstract
Carlo Barone, Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Trento

INTERNATIONAL OVERVIEW ON EDUCATION

Recent developments in evaluation of high education in Europe
by Massimiliano Vaira

REWIEWS
- Ball, S.J., Maguire, M., Goodson,I.F. (eds) (2012), Education, Capitalism and the Global Crisis, London/New York, Routledge
by Emiliano Grimaldi
- Turri, M. (2011), L’università in transizione. Governance, struttura economica e valutazione, Milano, Guerini e Associati
by Gioia Pompili
- AA.VV. (2012), Tra scuola e lavoro.Come aiutare i diplomati tecnici e professionali a trovare lavoro, in Studi e documenti degli annali della pubblica Istruzione, 139, Firenze, Le Monnier
by Giorgio Allulli
- Grimaldi E., Romano T. e Serpieri, R.(2011), I discorsi della dispersione. Una politica di partenariato, Napoli, Liguori
by Maurizio Merico
- Lauria, F. (2011), Le 150 ore per il diritto allo studio. Analisi, memorie, echi di una straordinaria esperienza sindacale, Roma, Edizioni Lavoro
by Luca Salmieri

INTERNATIONAL OVERVIEW ON EDUCATION
This section is not contained in the journal but is free on line (go to the section on line)

by Massimiliano Vaira
by Barbara M. Kehm
by  Thierry Chevaillier
by John Brennan and Laura Bellingham
by Javier Vidal & Camino Ferreira
by Alfredo Squarzoni

Issue no. 2 – June 2011

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di scuolademocratica, 22 giugno 2011 12:16

cover n2 scuola democratica nuova serie

The issue opens with an interview with the PISA coordinator Andreas Schleicher, who talks about PISA’s challenge to national educational systems. The essays focus on a variety of themes: advantages and risks of a competence-based approach in school pedagogy; a comparative analysis of the policies for excellence in higher education; new media, participatory cultures and social networks. The debates in “Notes and Perspectives” focus on the disputes over competence at school; the statistics related to the Italian university system with particular regard to the recent “war of numbers”; and the delays in the development of life-long learning in Italy. A new section titled “Practices” includes contributions by experts in the fields of education and training, who describe and analyse some actual experiences and practices. “Reviews” presents, among other things, two studies: one on the relationship between meritocracy and equity in education, the other on the educational policies in the United Kingdom from the 1960s to present. The issue closes with “Stories”, containing narrative contributions on the topics of education and training.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Issue no. 2 – June 2011

Starting from…

Learning by comparing. PISA’s challenge to national educational systems

Interview with Andreas Schleicher

ESSAYS

Between knowledge and competence: cooperation or conflict?

by Luisa Ribolzi

A competence-based approach: a threat to school education?

by Michele Pellerey

Excellence in higher education: policies, effects and open issues. A comparative analysis of five European countries

by Massimiliano Vaira

New media, participatory cultures and social networks. Spaces for informal, participatory and creative learning

by Mario Pireddu

NOTES AND PERSPECTIVES

School

Competence at school: a cultural dispute. Contributions by Anna Maria Ajello, Giorgio Israel, Luciano Benadusi, edited by Assunta Viteritti

School and digital technologies

by Roberto Maragliano

University

The “war of numbers”. Contributions by Andrea Cammelli, Andrea Gavosto and Stefano Molina, Giunio Luzzatto and Stefania Mangano, Marino Regini, edited by Giunio Luzzatto

Learning, Education and Employment

Lifelong learning in Italy. The case of TreeLLLe Journal. Contributions by Aviana Bulgarelli, Cristina Zucchermaglio, Francesco Florenzano, edited by Luca Salmieri and Piero Valentini

PRACTICES

The space and time of practice

edited by Paolo Landri

Mission Impossible. The vocational training of educators in an action context

by Cesare Moreno

REVIEWS

The relationship between meritocracy and equity in education: Duru-Bellat and Dubet (re)open the debate

by Orazio Giancola

More than 60 years of educational policy in the United Kingdom. The lines of debate

by Mario Dutto

Kaiser D. (2005), Pedagogy and the Practice of Science: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

by Assunta Viteritti

Grimaldi E. (2010), Discorsi e practiche di governance della scuola. L’esperienza della Provincia di Napoli

by Giovanna Barzanò

STORIES

Letter from the student at the bottom of the class

by Mila Spicola

ZENO. Dilemmas of conscience in everyday life

Texts by Strarompi & Peter V, drawings by Peter V

Call for papers 2011

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Issue no. 1 – December 2010

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di admin, 13 dicembre 2010 09:42

1

The issue opens with an interview with Alain Touraine on the need for establishing a school for the subject, and includes essays focusing on some different theoretical views of education; social and geographical inequalities in cognitive performance, as measured by Italian PISA scores; recent transformations in the Italian and European university systems; the relationship between employment and education in the knowledge society. The section “Notes and Perspectives” includes, among other things, two debates (one on school, democracy and citizenship; and the other on apprenticeship policies), an interview with the President of CRUI (Conference of Italian university rectors) on the current university reform, and some contributions on the innovations of educational and organizational environments. The issue closes with an unpublished story by Marco Lodoli, included in the section “Stories and Practices of Learning”.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Issue no. 1 – December 2010

Introduction

Starting from…

A school for the Subject, recognition of cultural diversity, and a society of women

An interview with Alain Touraine

by Luciano Benadusi and Barbara Pentimalli

Essays

(Future?) Perspectives on education

by Paolo Landri

Faraway, so close. Educational equity in Italy

by Luciano Benadusi, Rita Fornari, Orazio Giancola

The transformation of the Italian university system

by Roberto Moscati

Employment and education in the knowledge society

by Sebastiano Bagnara and Maurizio Mesenzani

NOTES AND PERSPECTIVES

School

School, democracy and citizenship: education versus schooling?

Edited by Vittorio Campione

Contributions by Alessandro Cavalli, Adolfo Scotto di Luzio, Giuseppe Spadafora, Salvatore Veca

High school reform

by Fiorella Farinelli, Paolo Ferratini, Micaela Ricciardi

Educational environments

by Silvano Tagliagambe

Organizational environments

by Giorgio Rembado

University

A focus on higher education in Europe 2010. The impact of the Bologna Process

A general overview

by Maria Lezzi

Notes

by Letteria Fassari

An interview with Enrico Decleva about the Reform

by Luciano Benadusi and Gioia Pompili

Learning, Education and Employment

Education and training in Italy. Ready to go?

Edited by Stefania Capogna

Notes

by Tiziano Treu

Contributions by Claudio Gentili, Giorgio Santini, Michele Tiraboschi, with a comment by Sandra D’Agostino

OECD Annual Report, Learning for jobs 2009

A general overview

by Piero Valentini

Notes

by Domenico Sugamiele and Silvia Ciampi

Reviews

Biesta Gert J. J. (2006), Beyond learning: Democratic education for a human future, Boulder, Co., Paradigm Publishers

by Paolo Landri

Cavalli A., Argentin G. (eds.) (2010), Gli insegnanti italiani: come cambia il modo di fare scuola. Terza indagine dell’Istituto IARD sulle condizioni di vita e di lavoro nella scuola italiana, Bologna, Il Mulino

by Valeria Fabretti

Margarete Durst (2010), La filosofia dell’educazione per la scuola, Milano, FrancoAngeli

by Carlo Cappa

Stenstrom M.L., Tynjala P. (eds.) (2009), Towards Integration of Work and Learning, Heidelberg, Springer

by Anna Maria Ajello

Stories and Practices of Learning

The Lake

by Marco Lodoli

Call for papers 2011

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