Tag articolo: Welfare

Welfare and Education: the Role of the Political and Institutional System

commenti Commenti disabilitati
di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 13:11

by Massimo Paci

Abstract : The author addresses the problem of the factors that may help to understand the structural inability to reform and to optimize both welfare and education system in Italy. He draws attention to the role of political and institutional system, with particular reference to the electoral architecture and the parliamentary legislative process, considered relevant also by Iversen and Stephens. They argue that relevant and crucial obstructing factors such as an electoral system based on proportional representation and a legislative process that allows large interventions of veto or obstacles by various actors (specific interests in each political party or other organized interests inside and outside the ruling coalition) represent an effectual obstruction or a deviation to the reform processes. Studies and research conducted on both policy sectors – welfare and education – confirm this explanation valid for the Italian case.

Massimo Paci, sociologist, is one of the Italian leading scholars in the study og welfare state and labor market. His research interests have covered social inequalities, social changes and welfare systems. He was Professor of Sociology at the University of Ancona and the Sapienza – University of Rome, where he is Emeritus Professor of Economic Sociology. Among his publications: Lezioni di sociologia storica (2013), Welfare e promozione delle capacità (con E. Pugliese, 2012), Nuovi lavori, nuovo welfare (2006).

massimo.paci@uniroma1.it

Can the Theory of Three Regimes of Welfare be Apllied Also to Education and Vocational Training?

commenti Commenti disabilitati
di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 13:01

by Luciano Benadusi

Abstract : The paper examines the main hypothesis of Torben Iversen and John D. Stephens of full typological correspondence between two areas of policy – welfare and education. That hypothesis is only partially valid and it needs of further investigation by the side of the explanatory factors. Author expresses concerns about the centrality accorded by Iversen and Stephens to expenditure data, which do not offer the strongest predict in terms of redistribution of opportunities. In addition, he also addresses the Italian performance, almost always located at the bottom of the charts of indicators of welfare and education, as well as equality of distribution. But this is not true for vocational education, where Italy ranks ahead and even upper than Germany. This seems to be the positive effect of technical education which boasts a strong tradition in Italy, situating half way between the general and the vocational education.

Luciano Benadusi is Sociologist of Education and Director of Scuola Democratica.

l.benadusi@libero.it

The interaction between welfare and education: the impact on equality of opportunity. A non-interview with Gosta Esping-Andersen

commenti Commenti disabilitati
di p.valentini, 19 febbraio 2014 12:05

by GØsta Esping-Andersen

Abstract : The text is the final outcome of what was supposed to be an interview with GØsta Esping-Andersen. Initially Massimo Paci, guest editor of the Special Issue (with the suggestions of the editorial staff), had prepared a series of questions that submitted by email to the attention of Gøsta Esping-Andersen. The author, in reply, used the questions as a stimulus to his reflection and drafted the text in which he applied a comparative method to highlight differences and similarities of the effects in terms of equality of opportunity due to different types of interaction between national welfare and education.

Gosta Esping-Andersen is professor of Sociology at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra where he directs the DEMOSOC research unit. He is a member of the British Academy and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.. He has been actively engaged in applied policy relevant work for international organizations, including the United Nations, the OECD, ISSA, and the European Union. His scientific work centres on life course dynamics, social stratification and comparative social policy. His publications include The Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism; The Social Foundations of Postindustrial Economies.

Gosta.Esping@upf.edu.

La Dote Scuola della Regione Lombardia. Risultati e riflessioni sulla prima applicazione

di scuolademocratica, 16 giugno 2012 10:09

di Tommaso Agasisti, Giuseppe Catalano e Piergiacomo Sibiano

Abstract: Il sostegno pubblico agli studenti e alle loro famiglie è stato sinora realizzato, nel nostro Paese, con due finalità: equità, con gli interventi per il diritto allo studio ordinario finanziato con risorse statali, e libertà di scelta, con il buono scuola in alcune regioni in tempi più recenti. A partire dal 2008-09, la Regione Lombardia ha introdotto la Dote Scuola. In questo lavoro vengono descritte le principali caratteristiche di questo strumento e i primi risultati ottenuti. Dall’analisi emerge che: la semplificazione amministrativa ha portato a un notevole aumento della domanda e della spesa; il numero di beneficiari si e ri-equilibrato tra studenti delle scuole statali e paritarie; il nuovo disegno appare più coerente con l’obiettivo, intervenendo non più ex-post, ma al momento della scelta.

Tommaso Agasisti, ricercatore presso il Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale del Politecnico di Milano, si occupa di Economia dell’istruzione. La sua attività di ricerca concerne l’efficienza delle istituzioni educative, modelli di finanziamento nei sistemi educativi e le determinanti socio-economiche delle performance degli studenti e delle scuole. Insegna Economia dell’istruzione presso il Master in ‘Management dell’Università e della Ricerca’ della Scuola di Management MIP – Politecnico di Milano.

tommaso.agasisti@polimi.it

Giuseppe Catalano, professore ordinario di Economia Pubblica presso il Dipartimento di Ingegneria Informatica, Automatica e Gestionale ‘Antonio Ruberti’, dell’Università Sapienza di Roma. È membro del Comitato di direzione della SUM del Consorzio MIP Politecnico di Milano e direttore del Master in Management delle Istituzioni Scolastiche e Formative e del Master in Innovation and Knowledge Transfer del Politecnico di Milano.

giuseppe.catalano@uniroma1.it

Piergiacomo Sibiano, dottore di ricerca presso il Dipartimento di Ingegneria Gestionale del Politecnico di Milano. La sua tesi di dottorato ha affrontato l’organizzazione, il finanziamento e l’efficienza dei sistemi educativi, con particolare riferimento a quello italiano.

piergiacomo.sibiano@mail.polimi.it